There are many kinds of ghosts, so I will consider some. Attention, since the ghost here is based on its own definition at this web site, please read "Ghost" first if you are unread.
Speaking of ghosts, I first imagine human's beings. Especially the dead ghost will come to mind.
Nonetheless, the ghost has nothing to do with the life and death of the person. Even if a person is alive, it becomes a ghost. Even fictitious people become ghosts.
There are many names in Japan, even human ghost alone. In Japanese, if it is clear that it is a dead ghost, it is called "BOUREI(亡霊:Ghost of deceased)" or "SHIRYOU(死霊:Dead ghost)". If it is a live ghost, it is called "IKIRYOU(生霊:Living ghost)". Ghosts that generate disasters with a strong grudge are called "ONRYOU(怨霊:Revengeful ghost)". Ghosts that harm human beings are called "AKURYOU(悪霊:Evil spirits)". AKURYOU is equal to the devil in English.
Brains are different between humans and other animals. Therefore, humans can not understand thoughts and emotions of animals.
However, humans can anthropomorphize animals as ghosts. If we can anthropomorphize animals, we can try to communicate with animals, like communicating with humans.
Personification of mammals close to humans is easy, but seems to be difficult with fish and crustaceans. In polytheism, there are cases in which a long-living fish is treated as a deity, but it seems that it is not treated as a ghost with human-like consciousness. However, memorial service for edible animals including fish and crustaceans are done.
Plants are also creatures, but it seems unusual to be treated as a ghost. Like fish, polytheism will treat it as a deity if it is longevity. In addition, non-living rocks and mountains are treated as deities too.
Surprisingly, non-living are often treated as ghosts than those of plants. Without distinguishing between living things and non-living things, human beings can anthropomorphize everything. The doll can be more easily personified than animals other than humans. Also, there should be many people talking with ghosts of own cars.
There is also an example of a ghost ship as folklore. However, this is treated as a sailor 's ghost' s accessories and we will not treat it as a ship 's ghost. Plants and non-living tend to be handled as deities or semi-deities beings that are not human beings, such as "spirits", "fairies", and "youkai(妖怪:suspicious + strangeness)" rather than ghosts.Share on Twitter Share on Facebook